Cow’s milk

Cow's milk can cause different reactions in individuals, leading to conditions like cow's milk intolerance, allergy, and lactose intolerance. Cow's milk intolerance involves difficulty in digesting milk proteins, often causing digestive discomfort. In contrast, a cow's milk allergy triggers an immune response, potentially leading to more severe symptoms. Lactose intolerance, another common condition, is due to the inability to digest lactose, a sugar found in milk. Each condition varies in symptoms and management....

Cow’s milk

What is cow's milk intolerance and how does it differ from cow's milk allergy?

Cow’s milk intolerance involves digestive issues due to difficulty processing cow’s milk, whereas an allergy triggers an immune response, potentially causing more serious reactions.

What are the common symptoms of cow's milk intolerance vs cow's milk allergy?

Common Symptoms of Cow’s Milk Intolerance:

  • Bloating and gas
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps and pain
  • Nausea
  • Headaches

Common Symptoms of Cow’s Milk Allergy:

  • Hives or skin rash
  • Swelling of the lips, tongue, or throat
  • Shortness of breath or wheezing
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Anaphylaxis (in severe cases)

How common is lactose intolerance, vs allergy or as food intolerence in the UK?

In the UK, lactose intolerance is relatively common, affecting about 5% of the population, primarily adults. This contrasts with cow’s milk allergy, which is less common and mostly seen in children, with most outgrowing it by age five. Food intolerances in general, including lactose intolerance, are more prevalent than food allergies.

What is the difference between milk allergy, intolerance or lactose intolerance?

Milk allergy involves an immune response to proteins in milk, intolerance is difficulty digesting milk without an immune reaction, and lactose intolerance specifically relates to difficulty processing lactose in milk.

Test(s) that measure/test for Cow’s milk

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