LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein)

LDL, or Low-Density Lipoprotein, is commonly known as "bad" cholesterol. It transports cholesterol particles throughout your body. LDL cholesterol is considered “bad” because high levels can lead to the buildup of plaque in your arteries, which increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. This plaque buildup can narrow the arteries and make them less flexible, a condition known as atherosclerosis....

LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein)

Who would benefit from testing their LDL levels?

People who would benefit from testing their LDL levels include adults, particularly those over 20 years old, as part of regular health screenings. Individuals with risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, a family history of heart disease, or a personal history of cardiovascular issues, should pay particular attention to their LDL levels. Regular monitoring is also important for those who have previously had high cholesterol levels or are undergoing treatment for cholesterol management.

What are symptoms of high LDL levels?

No direct symptoms indicate high LDL cholesterol levels. Like general high cholesterol, it is typically asymptomatic. Usually discovered through a routine blood test.

How do you improve your LDL levels?

Improving LDL cholesterol levels primarily involves lifestyle changes. Adopting a diet low in saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, and added sugars can help. Increasing physical activity is also beneficial, as regular exercise can help lower LDL levels and improve overall heart health. Maintaining a healthy weight and quitting smoking are key factors. In some cases, if lifestyle changes are not enough, medications such as statins may be prescribed to help lower LDL cholesterol.

What factors affect your LDL levels?

Several factors can affect LDL levels. Diet plays a significant role, especially the intake of foods high in saturated and trans fats. Genetic factors can influence how your body processes cholesterol. Physical inactivity and obesity are also linked to higher LDL levels. Age and sex affect cholesterol metabolism, with risk increasing as people age. Smoking and diabetes are known to negatively impact LDL levels, and certain medications and medical conditions can also influence them.

Test(s) that measure/test for LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein)

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