New World Hookworm

New World hookworms, also known as Necator americanus, are a type of hookworm prevalent in the Americas. These parasites latch onto the intestinal walls of their hosts, leading to chronic blood loss, anemia, and protein deficiency. The larvae penetrate the skin from contaminated soil, making those in contact with such environments vulnerable to infection....

New World Hookworm

What symptoms do New World hookworm infections cause?

  • Intense itching and a localized rash at the entry site
  • Abdominal pain and diarrhea as the worms mature
  • Chronic anemia and protein loss with severe infections, leading to fatigue and impaired physical and cognitive development in children

How common are New World hookworm infections?

New World hookworm infections are widespread in warmer regions of the Americas, affecting millions. Poor sanitation and close human-soil contact increase transmission risks.

These parasites are endemic to tropical and subtropical areas of the Americas, flourishing in environments where sanitation is lacking and soil contamination with human feces is common.

How can you treat New World hookworm infections?

Treatment involves oral antiparasitic medications, like albendazole or mebendazole, which are effective in eliminating the worms. Iron supplements may be necessary for those suffering from anemia due to the infection.

How can you prevent New World hookworm infections?

Prevention strategies include improving sanitation facilities, wearing shoes outdoors to avoid skin contact with contaminated soil, and health education on the importance of hygiene practices.

Test(s) that measure/test for New World Hookworm

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