Protein (urine)

Urinary protein, also known as proteinuria, refers to the presence of an abnormal amount of protein in the urine. Proteins, such as albumin, are vital components of blood, but they're not normally found in urine in significant amounts. The presence of protein in urine can be an indicator of kidney damage or disease, as healthy kidneys typically prevent significant protein loss through urine....

Protein (urine)

Who would benefit from testing their urinary protein levels?

Testing for urinary protein levels is beneficial for individuals at risk of kidney disease, such as those with diabetes, high blood pressure, a family history of kidney disease, or certain ethnic backgrounds that are at higher risk. It’s also important for people showing symptoms of kidney problems, such as swelling in the legs, ankles, or around the eyes.

What are symptoms of protein in the urine?

  • Foamy or bubbly urine
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, or around the eyes
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained weight gain

How do you lower your urinary protein levels?

To lower urinary protein levels, it’s important to address the underlying causes. This may involve managing chronic conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure through medication and lifestyle changes. A diet low in salt and protein, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding harmful substances like tobacco and NSAIDs can also help. Regular exercise and control of blood sugar levels are crucial. In some cases, medications like ACE inhibitors or ARBs are prescribed to reduce proteinuria.

What factors affect urinary protein levels?

  • Chronic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure
  • Infections affecting the kidneys
  • Medications that may harm the kidneys
  • Dehydration or overhydration
  • Strenuous exercise or stress
  • Dietary factors, like high protein intake
  • Underlying kidney conditions or diseases

Test(s) that measure/test for Protein (urine)

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