SCNN1A (Sodium Channel Epithelial 1 Subunit Alpha): SCNN1A encodes the alpha subunit of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), a key regulator of sodium balance and fluid homeostasis in epithelial tissues such as the lungs, kidneys, and colon. This channel plays a critical role in the absorption of sodium from extracellular fluids, a process essential for maintaining blood pressure, fluid volume, and electrolyte balance. The SCNN1A subunit is fundamental for ENaC's proper assembly, localization, and function. Mutations in the SCNN1A gene can lead to altered channel activity, contributing to various diseases, including pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 (PHA1), a disorder characterized by salt wasting and failure to thrive. The precise regulation of ENaC, and by extension SCNN1A, is vital for normal physiological function, making it a significant focus in understanding and treating conditions related to fluid and electrolyte imbalances.


Test(s) that measure/test for SCNN1A

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