Total Protein

Total protein refers to the combined amount of albumin and globulin in the blood. Albumin, the most abundant protein in blood plasma, maintains oncotic pressure and transports various substances. Globulins are involved in immune response, blood clotting, and other functions. Total protein levels are a key indicator of nutritional status and liver and kidney health....

Total Protein

Who would benefit from testing their total protein value?

  • Individuals with symptoms suggesting liver or kidney disorders.
  • Patients with conditions that affect protein levels, such as malnutrition, chronic infections, or autoimmune diseases.
  • Those undergoing a general health evaluation, as total protein levels are part of routine blood tests.
  • Individuals with symptoms of fluid imbalance, like swelling or ascites.

What are the common symptoms of too high and too low total protein values?

Common symptoms of high total protein values:

  • Dehydration (often the most common cause of transiently high total protein levels)
  • Symptoms related to the underlying cause, such as liver disease (jaundice, abdominal swelling) or bone marrow disorders.

Common symptoms of low total protein values:

  • Edema (swelling, particularly in the ankles and feet)
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Thin or brittle hair

What can cause too low / high total protein values in blood?

High total protein values can be caused by:

  • Dehydration
  • Chronic inflammation or infections
  • Bone marrow disorders

Low total protein values can be caused by:

  • Liver disease
  • Kidney disease (leading to protein loss)
  • Malnutrition or poor absorption of nutrients
  • Chronic illnesses

What can I do to improve total protein?

  • Ensure adequate protein intake through a balanced diet.
  • Manage underlying conditions like liver or kidney disease with appropriate medical treatment.
  • Stay hydrated, especially in conditions that might lead to dehydration.
  • Regular monitoring and medical check-ups to address any underlying health issues effectively.

Test(s) that measure/test for Total Protein

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