Estrogen & progesterone test

Test type
Lab Test

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Collection method
Saliva

We offer several different options of testing methods. This test is done with Saliva. See all tests done with Saliva by following the link.

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GetTested’s Estrogen & Progesterone Test measures the absolute levels and the ratio between these two hormones. Hormonal imbalances, particularly in women, are unfortunately common today. Typical symptoms include PMS, menstrual cramps, irregular menstruation, and tender breasts, among others. By measuring estrogen, progesterone, and their ratio, this test helps identify potential imbalances, enabling targeted hormonal support.

Many opt for combining our Cortisol and estrogen/progesterone tests, given cortisol’s impact on progesterone. Our Women’s Hormone Test expands this with DHEA and testosterone analysis. For menopause insights, our quick Menopause Test, measuring FSH, is ideal.

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Which hormones are measured in the Estrogen & Progesterone test?

Estrogen (estradiol)
Estrogen is a key female hormone, also present in men, crucial for developing and regulating the female reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics. In women, it manages the menstrual cycle and affects the reproductive tract, skin, and bones. In men, it's involved in libido, erectile function, and sperm production. Produced mainly in women's ovaries and in men's testes, estrogen levels fluctuate significantly during puberty, menstrual cycles, pregnancy, and menopause. Imbalances can lead to health issues like menstrual irregularities and mood swings.
Progesterone
Progesterone is a hormone crucial for the female reproductive system, mainly produced in the ovaries after ovulation. It prepares the uterus for potential pregnancy and maintains it if pregnancy occurs; if not, its levels drop to trigger menstruation. Progesterone also affects sexual desire, mood regulation, and bone strength. In pregnancy, it's produced by the placenta to support the pregnancy and prepare for breastfeeding. Men have lower levels of progesterone, involved in sperm development.
Estrogen/Progesterone ratio
The Estrogen/Progesterone ratio is a crucial indicator of hormonal balance in the body, particularly in women. Estrogen and progesterone are key hormones in female reproductive health, and their balance is essential for regular menstrual cycles, fertility, mood regulation, and overall well-being. An optimal ratio ensures a harmonious interplay between these hormones, while an imbalance can lead to various health issues. This ratio changes throughout the menstrual cycle and can be affected by factors like age, lifestyle, and health conditions.

About our Estrogen & progesterone test

Our Estrogen & progesterone test is a saliva test that measures active hormones that reach receptor sites, showing clearer variations than blood tests. It is a two-in-one test that functions as an Estrogen test and progesterone test. After ordering our test kit, you can easily perform our Estrogen and Progesterone test at home. Simply collect your saliva sample and send it over to our lab for analysis.

The test suits menstruating women, menopausal women, and men, as hormonal imbalances can occur in all groups. Different reference values are provided based on the category you belong to.

Many opt to test estrogen/progesterone alongside our Cortisol test, as cortisol production can impact progesterone levels. We also offer a comprehensive Women's Hormone Test, analyzing estrogen, progesterone, their ratio, DHEA, testosterone, and cortisol.

The Function of Estrogen (Oestrogen)

Estrogen, primarily produced in the ovaries, plays numerous vital roles in the body. This test measures estradiol (E2), considered the most important and potent of the three estrogen hormones.

Besides its crucial role in maintaining bone mass in women, estrogen increases HDL particle levels in the blood, protecting blood vessels. It also enhances the body's conversion of omega-3 fats from vegetable sources into the DHA fatty acid, essential for brain function.

Estrogen stimulates growth, particularly in the uterus and mammary glands, increasing the rate of cell division in these tissues and thus the risk of cancer. The duration of estrogen exposure (marked by early menstrual onset and late menopause) correlates with an increased cancer risk. Estrogen also controls typical fat distribution in women, such as around the hips, breasts, and thighs. Being overweight can elevate estrogen levels, partly because testosterone converts to estrogen in adipose tissue. Consequently, the more fat you have, the higher your estrogen content.

Estrogen is vital for the immune system and memory in both men and women. It counteracts osteoporosis and protects against cardiovascular disease. Like testosterone, estrogen also has fat-burning and muscle-building effects. Postmenopausal women with low estrogen levels are at high risk of losing bone mass and developing osteoporosis.

Estrogen Deficiency symptoms

Estrogen levels typically decrease during menopause but can also drop due to factors like stress, poor nutrition, and intense training. 

Symptoms specific to estrogen deficiency include low libido, pain during sex, urinary tract infections, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irregular or absent periods, mood swings or depression, weakened bone structure, and hair loss.

The Function of Progesterone

Progesterone is a key hormone in the body that plays a crucial role in regulating menstruation and supporting the early stages of a pregnancy. It is produced by the ovaries, adrenal glands, and during pregnancy, by the placenta. 

The main function of progesterone is to help make the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) ready for a fertilised egg to implant and grow into a foetus. When conception occurs, Progesterone levels rise and they decrease when conception does not occur, resulting in menstruation. 

Progesterone is very similar to oestrogen, but the main difference is that progesterone is more important in regulating pregnancy, whereas oestrogen is more important in regulating the menstrual cycle.  

Progesterone deficiency symptoms

Balanced progesterone levels are essential for overall hormonal health. Depending on whether you are pregnant or not, the impact of low progesterone levels differs. 

Symptoms for people who are not pregnant include irregular menstrual cycles, hot flashes, mood swings. It’s also more difficult to become pregnant with low progesterone levels. 

Once you do get pregnant, it is crucial for a successful pregnancy to sustain high levels of progesterone. Low levels of progesterone can cause pregnancy complications such as miscarriage or preterm labour. 

Symptoms of a Hormonal Imbalance

However, hormonal imbalances can manifest in various ways. Common symptoms that may overlap with estrogen deficiency include menstrual irregularities, PMS, tender breasts, infertility, headaches or migraines, weight gain, endometriosis, and mood swings. Conversely, high estrogen levels can cause symptoms like swelling or water retention, swollen and tender breasts, irregular menstrual cycles, and fibrocystic breasts.

Given the potential overlap in symptoms, accurately diagnosing hormonal imbalances requires measuring hormone levels to provide the most effective support and treatment.

When to collect a sample

Menstruating women should collect the sample one week after ovulation, usually between days 19-23 of a normal cycle. If collection falls on a weekend, store the saliva sample in the fridge and send it to the lab on Monday. Women in menopause can collect the sample at any time of the month.

FAQ

How is the Estrogen & Progesterone test carried out?

Our Estrogen & Progesterone test is a home test kit. After ordering, we will send you a kit with everything you need to collect your saliva sample. Then, simply return your sample to us in the pre-paid envelope.

When should I take the test?

Saliva samples for estrogen testing should be collected in the morning. We recommend that you take the test 1 week after ovulation, if you have a normal 28 day cycle that means somewhere during day 19-23. We don’t recommend taking the test during menstruation.

Who should get an Estrogen & Progesterone test?

Individuals experiencing symptoms of hormonal imbalances, such as irregular periods, mood swings, or fertility issues, should consider an Estrogen & Progesterone test. It's also useful for those undergoing hormone therapy or nearing menopause.

How quickly will I receive my results?

Once we receive your sample, average response time is 7 business days to receive results.

Example Report

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Example of Estrogen & progesterone test

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  • Moira Kwok
    In my journey of understanding women's health, hormones have always been a subject of deep interest. Recognizing the fundamental role that estrogen and progesterone play in a woman's life, from menstrual cycles to menopause, I realized how vital it was to get a clearer picture of my own levels. The Estrogen & Progesterone Test from GetTested was my choice, given its comprehensive scope. The package arrived sooner than expected, with every component thoughtfully curated and accompanied by easy-to-follow instructions. What I particularly admired was the sensitivity the brand displayed, understanding that hormonal health can be a deeply personal topic for many. :) Upon receiving my results, I was taken aback by the depth of information. Not only were my hormone levels detailed, but they were contextualized with extensive explanations, helping me navigate the complex landscape of hormonal health. The clarity of the results gave me the confidence to approach my physician with specific concerns, streamlining my path to better health. The changes post-analysis have been transformative. With tweaks in my lifestyle and interventions advised by my doctor, my overall well-being has witnessed a noticeable uplift. I can't stress enough the importance of such tests for every woman, and I'm genuinely grateful to GetTested for their impeccable service. :)
  • Emilia Quilliam
    The estrogen-progesterone test from GetTested was quite revealing. I had been feeling out of sorts for some time and couldn't identify the cause. Post the test, I discovered that my hormone levels were off balance. This knowledge led me to seek the right guidance and implement lifestyle modifications. I can't thank GetTested enough for their invaluable service.

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